The war was over and the activity was slowly recovering. In 1945 the Amati cooperative was founded trying to join together the instrument makers from Kraslice, Luby and Plesná. Anyway, about 40 makers from Luby decided to join forces in their own field and founded Cremona in 1946 to manage the production in the village focused in strings instruments.
Two years later the communist party decided to start a nationalization and the process was completed in 1950. The Cremona cooperative wasn't private anymore only four years after its birth. That year Cremona and all the musical instruments making companies (like the Amati cooperative) were taken over and turned into national enterprises. The format or models of those enterprises comprised a main plant and warehouse divided in many small workshops (booths) concentrated inside and some small satellite workshops close around in the villages. There was an effort trying to gather all the makers close and concentrated in these big kernels. Makers all around the country were progressively joining any of the enterprises and moving to those towns and cities.
Cremona grew in the following years and managed to reopen the export routes. By the late '50s they were exporting two thirds of the production. Along with budget lines they always made high quality hand made viols and guitars earning some of the old reputation again. But they were flying a bit in their own way and the major changes happening in 1958 had a deep repercussion in Cremona. That year the heads in charge of the musical industry decided that Cremona had to get closer to the established model of a single big plant with the workers close together. Apparently there was some booths in the not too big Cremona building and so many shops spreading all over the Luby area too. The heads wanted more production and more industrialized. So Cremona was incorporated by Amati as an attempt of widening the market. Things improved. There were more sales, new buildings and services were projected and Cremona grew even more. But the next decade, the '60s, turned out to be very different than expected.
First there was a big fire in 1962 partly destroying the main building, so many builders (mainly viol makers) had to be relocated spreading all over Luby in rooms, shops, etc... to keep the production running. The Cremona builders were far from concentrated in a single point, in fact, less concentrated than ever before. The veteran old masters and workers were old and progresively retiring from the activity, the Luby population was halved in a sudden, there were no few Schönbachers killed during the war, the youngsters were not specially interested in their family jobs and there were very few apprentices joining Cremona, so the Cremona staff was continuously decreasing all along the decade, the production decreased and the quality too.
Last edited by Snap
on Thu Sep 23, 2010 11:30 pm, edited 3 times in total.